First-Person Shooter Games
First-person shooters (FPS) are a subgenre of shooting games and feature a point of view where the players see through the eyes of the game character. As these games feature firearms and movement, the parent category is action games. The FPS genre was popularized in 1993 with the famous Doom game for personal computers running the MS-DOS command line operating system. Doom featured pseudo-3D graphics and item drops in maze-like levels full of monsters. Later in 1998 the game Half-Life offered improved graphic and true 3D. The sequel Half-Life 2 was released in 2004 adding impressive storylines and puzzle elements. Half-Life 2 became a popular platform for adding mods or modifications to the game. In 1999, the now-famous mod titled Counter-Strike was released for free and became more popular than the underlying half-life game engine it relied on. Counter-Strike popularized the multiplayer first-person shooter genre that remains popular today.
Two additional games that were influential were GoldenEye 007 (1997) and the Halo series (2001) both available on gaming console.
As shooters are a type of high adrenaline skill-based game with multiplayer possibilities, they were influential in the growing popularity of esports.